Analysis of J. D. Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye By Nasrullah Mambrol on June 17, 2018 • ( 3) J. D. Salinger’s (January 1, 1919 – January 27, 2010) characters are always extremely sensitive young people who are trapped between two dimensions of the world: love and “squalor.” The Catcher in the Rye is arguably most memorable for its point of view. Essays for The Catcher in the Rye. The kids represent childhood. The Catcher in the Rye is J.D. Catcher In The Rye Character Analysis 1900 Words | 8 Pages. LitCharts Teacher Editions. As the "Catcher In The Rye," Holden swoops in and saves them from certain death – the death that occurs when they grow up and lose their innocence. Holden appeared in some of those stories, even narrating one, but he was not as richly fleshed out in them as he would be in The Catcher in the Rye. If they fall off, they fall off.”. After Little, Brown bought the manuscript, Salinger showed it to The New Yorker, assuming that the magazine, which had published several of his short stories, would want to print excerpts from the novel. When Stradlater returns, he tells Holden that the essay isn’t good, and Holden gets angry when Stradlater refuses to say whether he had sex with his date. The Catcher in the Rye Analysis Growing up is the hardest thing in our life. She arrives with a packed bag and insists on going with him. The novel is narrated by the main character, Holden Caulfield, who is undergoing mental treatment in a hospital. He tells her no and instead takes her to the zoo, where he watches her ride the carousel in the pouring rain. Holden stays behind and gets drunk by himself. Controversial at the time of publication for its frank language, it was an instant best-seller, and remains beloved by both teens and adults. ... J.D. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The novel details two days in the life of 16-year-old Holden Caulfield after he has been expelled from prep school. Is it his realization that the child is innocent—somehow pure, not "phony" like his parents and other adults? The events are related after the fact. J.D. The New Yorker rejected it, however, as the editors found the Caulfield children too precocious to be plausible and Salinger’s writing style exhibitionistic. In my mind, I'm probably the biggest sex maniac you ever saw. He can't do anything to stop or stall it, and he realizes that his wish to save the children is "crazy"—perhaps even unrealistic and impossible. Then, in Chapter 22, Holden tells Phoebe: Holden's interpretation of the poem centers around the loss of innocence (adults and society corrupt and ruin children) and his instinctual desire to protect children (his sister in particular). The Catcher in the Rye is a 1951 novel by American author J. D. Salinger. Reproduction of the cover of the first edition of J.D. Holden is a complex person with many conflicting characteristics. Confused and disillusioned, Holden searches for truth and rails against the “phoniness” of the adult world. The next morning, Holden calls Sally Hayes, an ex-girlfriend of his. After interacting with some women there, he goes to another nightclub, only to leave after seeing his elder brother’s ex-girlfriend. Salinger's novel. Salinger’s choice to write from a first-person narrative perspective guarantees the reader will receive some kind of insight, reliable or not, into how Holden perceives himself. After he visits Spencer, he encounters his roommate, Ward Stradlater, who asks Holden to write an essay for English class for him while he goes on a date with a longtime friend of Holden’s. The Catcher in the Rye essays are academic essays for citation. This situation ends in him being punched in the stomach. Salinger is known to be one of the greatest and most controversial novels ever written. Why would anyone want to ban such an important piece of literature? The novel remained influential into the 21st century; indeed, many American high schools included it in their curriculum. What was Arthur Conan Doyle’s actual profession? Omissions? He calls his former English teacher, Mr. Antolini, who tells Holden he can come stay at his apartment. There are a few main instances in which Holden encounters corruption directly. Kathleen Lohnes was an editorial intern at Encyclopaedia Britannica in 2017 and 2018. Holden explains to Phoebe that all he wants to be is the catcher in the rye. Holden Caulfield, the protagonist, misinterprets a part of this poem to mean "if a body catch a body" rather than "if a body meet a body." By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, 'The Catcher in the Rye' Themes, Symbols, and Literary Devices, Role of Women (and Girls) in "The Catcher in the Rye", Must-Read Books If You Like 'The Catcher in the Rye', The Catcher in the Rye: Questions for Study and Discussion, How "The Catcher in the Rye" Finally Got an E-Book Edition, Biography of J. D. Salinger, American Writer, 5 Novel Setting Maps for Classic American Literature, The Assassination of Beatles Legend John Lennon, 'Lord of the Flies' Questions for Study and Discussion, M.A., English Literature, California State University - Sacramento, B.A., English, California State University - Sacramento. Phoebe Caulfield Character Traits – Holden’s little sister. Holden explains that Stradlater is a “Year Book kind of handsome guy” who is a “secret slob.”. 1.1 Youth; 1.2 Isolation 1.3 Mortality 2 Analysis of Key Moments in The Catcher in the Rye 3 Style, Literary Devices, and Tone in The Catcher in the Rye; 4 Symbols in The Catcher in the Rye 4.1 Allie’s Baseball Glove 4.2 The Ducks in Central Park 4.3 The Red Hunting Hat Holden overhears: Holden describes the scene (and the singer): The episode makes Holden feel less depressed. Mental Analysis on Holden Caulfield in J.D. This causes Holden to storm out and leave Pencey for New York City a few days earlier than planned for Christmas break. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Many critics were impressed by Holden as a character and, specifically, by his style of narration. Written in first-person limited, the story is told from the perspective of Holden Caulfield. Holden represents the attempt to shelter kids from growing up, and more personally, represents his desire to avoid the harshn… (Burns’s poem, They spend the day together until Holden makes a rude remark and she leaves crying. exists in several versions, but most render the lines as “Gin a body meet a body / Comin thro’ the rye.”) Soon they hear their parents come home after a night out, and Holden sneaks away. He reveals to the reader that he has been expelled for failing most of his classes. “The Catcher in the Rye” by J.D. But why? Below, we’ll explain the meaning of the title and review some of the famous quotations and important vocabulary from the novel. The fall from the cliff represents the fall from innocence. The novel, unlike the other stories of the Caulfield family, had difficulties getting published. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The story begins with Holden at Pencey Prep School on his way to the house of his history teacher, Spencer, so that he can say goodbye. Updated July 28, 2019. Interpretation. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. He keeps picturing children playing in a field of rye near the edge of a cliff, and him catching them when they start to fall off. From what is implied to be a sanatorium, Holden, the narrator and protagonist, tells the story of his adventures before the previous Christmas. It has been translated widely. She tends … Holden’s name is also significant: Holden can be read as “hold on,” and Caulfield can be separated into caul and field. Holden wants to feel the deepest type of love possible, the love that died when he … Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Most of the book recounts Holden’s quest for connection, following him through dozens of encounters large and small, with cab drivers, nuns, tourists, pimps, former classmates, and many others. This coming of age novel has set the tone for many other novels of the like. He has many ambitions and desires for his life but he is faced with the basic conflict in the story, corruption. The poem "Comin Thro' the Rye" by Scottish writer Robert Burns (1759–1796), is probably best known because of Holden Caulfield's misinterpretation of it in J.D. The novel has been banned numerous times because of its salty language and sexual content. J.D Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye: a literary analysis and criticism The Catcher in the Rye has been one of the most celebrated American classics since its publication in 1951. It was originally intended for adults, but is often read by adolescents for its themes of angst and alienation, and as a critique on superficiality in society. The Catcher in the Rye. Phoebe Caulfield Description. The Catcher in the Rye is a novel by J. D. Salinger, partially published in serial form in 1945–1946 and as a novel in 1951. As a catcher in the rye, he will become the owner of his life and have companions who can understand him better than his parents, and teachers. Throughout the course of the novel, Holden is forced to come to terms with the reality of growing up—something that he struggles to accept. The first reference in the text to a "catcher in the rye" is in Chapter 16. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. Salinger's novel " The Catcher in the Rye ." Holden wants to be the “catcher in the rye”—someone who saves children from falling off a cliff, which can be understood as a metaphor for entering adulthood. Originally solicited by Harcourt, Brace and Company, the manuscript was rejected after the head of the trade division asked whether Holden was supposed to be crazy. Support the development of high school close reading skills and analysis of J. D. Salinger’s Catcher in the Rye (chapter 13). The title of The Catcher in the Rye is a reference to "Comin' Thro the Rye," a Robert Burns poem and a symbol for the main character's longing to preserve the innocence of childhood. Mr. Antolini. Ronald Reagan in 1981. Thinking the key line is "if a body catch a body" rather than "if a body meet a body," he fantasizes about children frolicking in a field of rye near the edge of a cliff. When he gets back to the hotel, he orders a prostitute to his room, only to talk to her. Holden's former English teacher from Elkton Hills, Holden’s old school. Publication and initial reception. Salinger published in 1951. The Catcher in the Rye Plot summary. The Catcher in the Rye was also linked to John W. Hinckley, Jr.’s attempted assassination of U.S. Pres. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Answer the questions during or immediately after reading the chapter. The main crux of the novel focuses on maturity and how it affects characters. This is where the flashback ends. Instant downloads of all 1383 LitChart PDFs (including The Catcher in the Rye). Book Intro. Updates? Holden is (in some ways) incredibly naive and innocent about worldly realities. The field represents innocence. The Etymology and Symbolism of Characters' Names; The Maturation of Holden Caulfield and Henry Fleming Instead of "meeting" a body in the rye, he remembers it as "catching" a body. The Catcher in the Rye’s reception was lukewarm at first. Holden falls asleep on Antolini’s couch and awakes to Antolini stroking his forehead, which Holden interprets as a sexual advance. Esther Lombardi, M.A., is a journalist who has covered books and literature for over twenty years. Holden’s sense of self, his anxieties, internal and external, fuel The Catcher in the Rye.J.D. Discussing the poem with his sister, Phoebe, Holden tells her a fantasy that he is a … It is at this time that Holden describes to his sister his fantasy of being “the catcher in the rye,” which was inspired by a song he heard a little boy singing: “If a body catch a body comin’ through the rye.” Phoebe tells him that the words are “If a body meet a body coming through the rye,” from a poem by Robert Burns., Public Broadcasting Service - "The Catcher in the Rye". The Catcher in the Rye: The novel’s most important symbol is found in the title. Despite some controversial themes and language, the novel and its protagonist Holden Caulfield have become favorites among teen and young adult readers. Who invented the historical novel? Catcher In The Rye Topics Pages: 2 (308 words) Catcher in the rye1 Pages: 4 (834 words) An Analysis of The Catcher in the Rye by J. D. Salinger Pages: 2 (265 words) The Catcher in the Rye - Foreshadowing Pages: 3 (556 words) Once he arrives in New York, he cannot go home, as his parents do not yet know that he has been expelled. After a fight with his roommate, Stradlater, Holden leaves school two days early to explore New York before returning home, interacting with teachers, prostitutes, nuns, an old girlfriend, and his sister along the way. It can be the most cheerful time that may become the time which you will expect, however it can be the […] Throughout the novel, Holden Caulfield’s negativity stops him from trying to fit in society, because he is too narrow minded to the world around him. The title of The Catcher in the Rye is a reference to "Comin' Thro the Rye," a Robert Burns poem and a symbol for the main character's longing to preserve the innocence of childhood. The Meaning of the Title: The Catcher in the Rye. Salinger expertly crafts a coming of age novel The Catcher in the Rye. Settle in for this novel-length quiz and find out what you know. Holden’s desire is to “hold on” to the protective covering (the caul) that encloses the field of innocence (the same field he wishes to keep the children from leaving). The book gets its title from Holden’s constant concern with the loss of innocence. She received her bachelor’s degree in philosophy and creative writing in 2020 at the University of Iowa. Salinger´s The Catcher in the Rye 824 Words | 4 Pages. Salinger's classic The Catcher in the Rye illustrates a teenager's dramatic struggle against death and growing up. Holden desperately wants to remain true and innocent in a world full of, as he puts it, “phonies.” Salinger once admitted in an interview that the novel was semi-autobiographical. When he awakes, he goes to Phoebe’s school and leaves a note telling her that he plans to run away and asking her to meet him at a museum during lunch. Holden decides to join Stradlater in the bathroom while he shaves. Salinger was able to create a character whose relatability stemmed from his unreliability—something that resonated with many readers. Having agreed, Holden writes about the baseball glove of his younger brother, Allie, who died of leukemia. Others, however, felt that the novel was amateur and unnecessarily coarse. 1 The Catcher in the Rye Themes. He did not want children to grow up because he felt that adults are corrupt. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Instead, he rents a room at the Edmont Hotel, where he witnesses some sexually charged scenes through the windows of other rooms. The growing-up process is almost like a runaway train, moving so fast and furiously in a direction that's beyond his control (or even, really, his comprehension). Despite Holden’s never having appeared in any form subsequent to that in Salinger’s novel, the character has had a long-lasting influence, reaching millions of readers, including two particularly notorious ones. “Comin thro’ the Rye,” The Catcher in the Rye: Reading and Study Guide Directions: Use this guide while reading the novel. Salinger published The Catcher in the Rye in 1951. This corruption is what drives him and at the same time restricts him Holden's being surrounded by corruption disgusts him.